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What are minerals?
Minerals are inorganic elements that form part of the structures of many tissues in the body and that our body cannot produce by itself. Minerals are part of the micronutrients. They must be ingested through diet or supplementation to avoid possible deficiencies.
They are essential for the correct functioning and development of the body. Minerals represent between 4% and 5% of body weight.
During training, through sweat, large quantities of minerals are lost, so it is important to replenish them as they can help to avoid fatigue, cramps, etc.
There are two types of minerals:
Macrominerals: made up of those minerals that our body needs in quantities greater than 100mg/day.
Microminerals: these are minerals that the body needs in quantities of less than 100mg/day.
Although we can obtain minerals from our diet and food, it is common that, due to the current state of life, deficiencies of some or several of them can occur. A mineral supplement can be the ideal solution to avoid deficiencies.
What are minerals for?
They are necessary and are involved in a large number of functions:
- They help to regulate the water balance in the body.
- They are part of various structures such as bones, teeth and muscles.
- They are part of enzymes.
- They are needed for the transmission of nerve impulses.
- They are involved in the structure of DNA.
- They are necessary for metabolism.
Which minerals are the most important?
Chlorine, sodium and potassium. Especially important for athletes: they are lost through sweat and need to be replenished.
They have numerous functions: They are involved in the regulation of water in the body, blood ph, and it is essential to maintain adequate levels when performing high-intensity physical activity
Helps protect bones and prevents osteoporosis and muscle cramps in athletes.
It is necessary for cognitive functions and is involved in proper energy metabolism. It is also essential for the formation of haemoglobin and red blood cells. It helps to reduce tiredness and fatigue.
Helps lower blood pressure, improves performance, prevents feelings of fatigue and improves calcium absorption in the bones.
Contributes to the formation of thyroid hormones, prevents hair loss and promotes muscle development.